Breaking the anti-doping rules can result in a ban from all sport. The Code outlines the ADRVs. Athletes and athlete support personnel need to make sure they are fully aware of these violations, and the consequences of breaking them.

All 11 apply to athletes and seven (in bold) also apply to coaches, athletes and support personnel.

  • Presence
  • Use or Attempted Us
  • Evading, refusing, or Failing to Submit to Sample Collection
  • Whereabouts failures
  • Tampering or attempted tampering
  • Possession
  • Trafficking or attempted trafficking
  • Administration (i.e. without aiding or abetting)
  • Complicity or Attempted Complicity
  • Prohibited Association
  • Acts by an Athlete or Other Person to Discourage or Retaliate Against Reporting to Authorities

 This infographic explains the ADRV’s further



For ADRV’s of presence or use of a prohibited substance, the basic rules are as follows:

  • If you intended to cheat, whatever the substance, the period of ineligibility is four years
  • Otherwise, it is two years – unless you can show you had no significant fault or negligence, in which case ineligibility may be reduced by up to a maximum of one year (that is, to a minimum ineligibility of one year)
  • If the violation involved a specified substance or a contaminated product, and you can demonstrate you had no significant fault, ineligibility may range from two years to a reprimand (depending on your level of fault)

You should also be aware that multiple ADRV’s, or the presence of multiple substances may increase the sanction you face beyond four years.


For some ADRV’s the penalty can be a life ban from sport. 

For information on individuals serving a ban from sport, visit UKAD’s sanction page.